Azure DevOps

This section provides a step-by-step guide to setting up a CI/CD pipeline in Azure DevOps using the provided sample Bash or Powershell scripts.

Before setting up the pipeline in Azure DevOps, make sure that the following steps from the Configuring a CI/CD pipeline are done:

  • Pick a Cloud project

  • Activate CI/CD Flow

Next you will need to define your pipeline in YAML, and use it to interact with the Umbraco Cloud API.

The Umbraco CI/CD Team have created a sample pipeline for Azure DevOps.

The Scripts are provided as is. This means that the scripts will do the bare minimum for a pipeline that is utilizing the CI/CD flow. Adapt and integrate them into your own pipelines to gain the ability to do deployments to your Umbraco Cloud projects.

The sample includes YAML-files and custom Powershell and Bash scripts to interact with the Umbraco Cloud API.

You can get the samples for both Azure DevOps and GitHub Actions from the Github repository.

Import Cloud project repository to Azure DevOps

Go to your repositories in Azure DevOps and click on "Create a repository".

  • Create a new empty repository (don't add a README and don't add a .gitignore), and note down the clone URL.

  • Go to the Umbraco Cloud Portal and clone your cloud project down locally. This article describes how you can find the clone URL.

  • Now working locally remove the Git Remote called origin, which currently points to Umbraco Cloud

git remote remove origin
  • Optionally rename branch master to main

# optional step
git branch -m  main
git symbolic-ref HEAD refs/heads/main
  • Add a new remote called origin and pointing to the Azure DevOps clone URL and push

git remote add origin https://{your-organization}{your-organization}/{azure-project-scope}/_git/{your-repository}
git push -u origin --all

Now we can move on to setting up a pipeline.

Set up the Azure DevOps pipeline files

While working with the project on your local machine, follow these steps to prepare the pipeline, using the samples from the repository.

Download the provided sample scripts as ZIP from the GitHub repository. Click on "Code" and then choose "Download ZIP". Then unzip it and use those files for the next steps.

Select your preferred scripting language:

For a pipeline that uses Powershell scripts you will need the following files:

  • From the root folder

    • cloud.zipignore

  • From the powershell folder

    • Get-LatestDeployment.ps1

    • Get-ChangesById.ps1

    • New-Deployment.ps1

    • Add-DeploymentPackage.ps1

    • Start-Deployment.ps1

    • Test-DeploymentStatus.ps1

  • From the powershell/azuredevops folder

    • azure-release-pipeline.yml

    • cloud-sync.yml

    • cloud-deployment.yml

Do the following to prepare the pipeline:

  • Copy the cloud.zipignore file to the root of your repository

  • Make a copy of the .gitignore from your repository and call the copy cloud.gitignore

    • Both files should be in the root of your repository

    • In the bottom of the .gitignore file add the line **/git-patch.diff

  • Also in the root, create a folder called devops

  • Copy the 3 YAML files from the powershell/azuredevops folder into the devops folder

  • Inside devops create an additional folder called powershell

  • Copy the Powershell scripts from the powershell folder to the powershell folder

  • Note: If you have not changed the branch to main, then in the azure-release-pipeline.yaml file change the branch from mainto master.

  • Commit all changes, and push to Azure DevOps

Configure Azure DevOps

The pipeline needs to know which Umbraco Cloud project to deploy to. In order to do this you will need the Project ID and the API Key. This article describes how to get those values.

  • Now go to the repository in Azure and click on "Set up build".

  • On the next screen click on "Existing Azure Pipelines YAML file"

  • Select main (or master if you did not change the branch name) in Branch

  • Select /devops/azure-release-pipeline.yaml in Path and continue

  • Now you are on the "Review your pipeline YAML" screen

    • Replace the ##Your project Id here## with the Project Id you got from Umbraco Cloud Portal

    • Click on "Variables"

  • Add the variable umbracoCloudApiKey with the value of the API Key you got from Umbraco Cloud Portal

It is recommended to handle the API Key as a secret. This can be done by ticking the "Keep this value secret" checkbox.

You can customize the names for the variables as you like, however you then need to rename the affected variables in azure-release-pipeline.yaml.

When you click on "Save and Run" your first deployment will be triggered. Which means that Azure DevOps is set up with all the needed information to be able to deploy your Cloud project back to Umbraco Cloud.

Optional: Test the pipeline

With everything set up, you may want to confirm that Umbraco Cloud reflects the changes you are sending via your pipeline.

While working on your project locally, add a new Document type.

  • Commit the change to main branch (or master if you did not change the branch name) and push to your repository.

  • The pipeline starts to run

  • Once the pipeline is done log into Backoffice on your left-most environment in Umbraco Cloud

  • Go to the Settings section and see that your new Document type has been deployed

High level overview of the pipeline components

The mentioned scripts are provided as a starting point. It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the scripts and with documentation related to how to use Azure DevOps.

The scripts demonstrates the following:

  • How to sync your Azure DevOps repository with the left-most project environment in Umbraco Cloud

  • How to deploy changes to the left-most project environment in Umbraco Cloud


The azure-release-pipeline.yaml is the main pipeline, and is the one that will be triggered on a push to main branch. You can configure a different trigger behavior in this file.

You can add your Build and Test stage between the cloudSyncStage and cloudDeploymentStage stages. Keep in mind that you do not need to retain the dotnet build artifact for upload later. The cloudDeploymentStage job will take care of packaging all your source code and upload to Umbraco Cloud.


The cloud-sync.yml shows how you can sync your Azure DevOps repository with the left-most environment of your Cloud project. In this sample, it accepts any change from the API and applies and commits it back to the branch which triggered the pipeline. However the commit does not trigger the pipeline again.

If you don't want the pipeline to commit back to the triggering branch, this is where you need to change the pipeline.


The cloud-deployment.yml shows how you can deploy your repository to the left-most environment of your Cloud project. The sample shows how to prepare for deployment, request the deployment and wait for cloud to finish.

There are a couple of things here to be aware of:

  • We are overwriting the .gitignore file with cloud.gitignore. This is a way to accommodate your gitignore-needs when working locally. For instance you might want to ignore frontend builds, but you want them build and published to cloud.

  • We have a special cloud.zipignore file. This is a convenient way to tell the pipeline which files not to include when creating the zip package to send to cloud.

If you have frontend assets that needs to be built (using tools like npm/yarn or others), you should add the needed steps before Zip Source Code. This is to ensure that the fresh frontend assets will be part of the package to be sent to Umbraco Cloud.

Further information

Last updated