Creating Media

Learn how to work with different types of Media content on your Umbraco website.

Media in Umbraco CMS is handled the same way as content. You define Media Types that act as a base for media items. The following default Media Types are available:

  • Article - used for uploading and storing documents.

  • Audio - used for uploading and storing digital audio files.

  • File - used for uploading and storing different types of files in the Media section.

  • Folder - a container for organizing media items in the Media section tree.

  • Image - used for uploading and storing images.

  • Vector Graphics (SVG) - used for uploading and storing Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) files which are text files containing source code to draw the desired image.

  • Video - used for uploading and storing video files.

The default Media Types aim to cover most needs for media on a website. You do not need to define your Media Types to start using the Media section. The tools for organizing and uploading the media are already in place.

If you have upgraded from an older version than 8.14 the Media Types listed above are not added automatically. You can add those types manually yourselves by following the steps below 'Creating a new Media Type'. On the default media types page, you will find a detailed overview of all Media Types.

Uploading Media

You can upload media in two different ways:

Add media through the Media section

From the Media section in the Umbraco backoffice, you can add new media items by following either of the approaches defined below:

  • Use the Create dialog to create a new Media item in the Media section

    • The Media item will be created based on the type you choose.

    • Upload the image or file, give the Media item a name, and click Save.

Upload Media - Create Button
  • Use the Drag and drop feature to add your files to the Media section.

    • Umbraco will automatically detect the Media Type and create the Media item.

    • You can drop entire folder structures to recreate that same structure in the Media section.

Upload Media - Media section

Add media through the Content section

New media items can be added to your site without interrupting the content creation flow. This can be done following either of the two approaches outlined below.

  • Drag and drop the image(s) from your file explorer directly into the Media Picker property on the Content page.

    • Images added this way is automatically added to the user's start node in the Media section of the Umbraco backoffice.

Drag and drop images directly into the content
  • Select the "+" icon to open the "Select media" dialog where you can add images from your file explorer directly or using drag and drop.

Add images from the "Select media" dialog

Creating a folder

It is always a good idea to start by creating a folder for your media items. It can be a good idea to align these folders with the content on your website. This will give the editors a better overview of the files and enable them to upload media items in the correct place.

Follow these steps to create a folder in the Media section:

  1. Go to the Media section.

  2. Select ... next to Media.

    • Alternatively, you can right-click the Media node and select Create.

  3. Select Folder.

  4. Enter a name for the folder and select Save in the bottom-right corner.

Media Type properties

The Image Media Type has 5 properties: Upload Image, Width, Height, Size, and Type. These are populated once the image is uploaded. The properties can be viewed in the Media section and accessed in your Templates.

Except for the Folder Media Type, the other Media Types have 3 properties: Upload Image, Type, and Size.

Learn more about each Media Type in the article about default Media Types.

Organizing and editing media items

The default view for the Media section is a card view that lets you preview the different files that have been uploaded.

Media Section - Cardview

By selecting multiple media items it is possible to perform bulk operations like moving or deleting the items.

To edit properties on a single media item, click the name of the item, which you will see once you hover over the item.

Edit media item

From the top-right corner of the Media section, you can toggle between list and grid view. There is also an option to search for the items in the Media section.

You can switch to a list view by selecting the view toggle next to the search field and selecting the list view.

Media Section - List view

Using media items in the Content section

By adding a Media Picker property to a Document Type the editor will have the ability to select media items when creating content.

Creating a Media Type

You can create custom Media Types and control the structure of the Media tree as you would with Document Types. This means you can store information that is specific to the media on the item itself.

Video tutorial

Watch this tutorial and learn how to create your own Media Types in Umbraco CMS.

A Media Type is created in the Settings section using the Media Type editor.

  1. Go to the Settings section.

  2. Click ... next to Media Types (or right-click the Media Types node).

  3. Choose New Media Type.

  4. Name the new Media Type Employee Image.

  5. Choose an icon by selecting the icon left of the name field.

You will now see the Media Type editor. It is similar to the editor used for creating Document Types.

Creating a Media Type

Having different folders for different Media Types makes it possible to restrict where media items can be created and added. Only allowing PDF uploads in a certain folder and employee images in another make it easier to keep the Media section organized.

Adding groups

Before we start adding properties to the Media Type we need to add a group to put these in.

  1. Click on Add group.

  2. Call the group Image.

Adding properties

We need to add the same properties as on the default Image Media Type. These are:

  • umbracoFile

  • umbracoWidth

  • umbracoHeight

  • umbracoBytes

  • umbracoExtension

Follow the steps outlined below to add the properties to the Media Type:

  1. Click Add property.

  2. Name it Upload image.

  3. Change the alias to umbracoFile.

  4. Click Add editor.

  5. Search for cropper and choose Image cropper under Create new.

  6. Rename the editor Employee Image Cropper.

  7. Add two new crops called Thumbnail (200px x 350px) and wideThumbnail (350px x 200px).

Defining crops

Name the remaining four properties Width, Height, Size, and Type, and give them the aliases as mentioned above. They should all use the Label editor.

As mentioned before these properties will automatically be populated once an image has been uploaded.

Adding properties

Defining a Media Type folder

Next up, we will create a folder to hold the employee images. We could use the existing Folder Media Type but that would mean editors can upload employee images to any folder of that type. If we create a folder specifically for employee images there is only one place to put them.

  1. Go back to the Settings section and create a new Media Type.

  2. Name it Employee Images.

  3. Select the folder icon by clicking the icon to the left of the name.

  4. Navigate to the List view tab.

  5. Toggle the Enable list view option.

Enable List View

The new folder should be allowed to be created in the root of the Media tree. We also need to allow only the Employee Image Media Type in our new folder. Both of these configurations can be set on the Permissions tab.

  1. Go to the Permissions tab.

  2. Toggle the Allow as root.

  3. Click Add child under Employee Images.

  4. Select Employee Image.


Creating the folder and media items

  1. Go to the Media section.

  2. Select ... next to Media and select the Employee images folder.

  3. Name it Employee Images and select Save.

There are four options to add new media items to the folder, as you can see here:

Uploading Media

Uncheck the Allow at root option on the Employee Images Media Type to prevent the creation of multiple folders of this type. This will only disable the creation of new ones and not affect existing folders.

Cropping the images

If you select an image that has been uploaded to the folder you will see the full image and the two defined crops.

Moving the focal point circle on the image will update the crops to focus accordingly. You can also edit the individual crops by selecting them and moving the image or adjusting the slider to zoom.

Cropping images

More information

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