Use hosted services to run a background task
It is possible to run recurring code using a hosted service. Below is a complete example showing how to create and register a hosted service that will regularly empty out the recycle bin every five minutes.
Be aware you may or may not want this hosted service code to run on all servers, if you are using Load Balancing with multiple servers, see load balancing documentation for more information

RecurringHostedService example

using Umbraco.Cms.Core;
using Umbraco.Cms.Core.Logging;
using Umbraco.Cms.Core.Scoping;
using Umbraco.Cms.Core.Services;
using Umbraco.Cms.Core.Sync;
using Umbraco.Cms.Infrastructure.HostedServices;
namespace Umbraco.Docs.Samples.Web.RecurringHostedService;
public class CleanUpYourRoom : RecurringHostedServiceBase
private readonly IRuntimeState _runtimeState;
private readonly IContentService _contentService;
private readonly IServerRoleAccessor _serverRoleAccessor;
private readonly IProfilingLogger _profilingLogger;
private readonly ILogger<CleanUpYourRoom> _logger;
private readonly ICoreScopeProvider _scopeProvider;
private static TimeSpan HowOftenWeRepeat => TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5);
private static TimeSpan DelayBeforeWeStart => TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1);
public CleanUpYourRoom(
IRuntimeState runtimeState,
IContentService contentService,
IServerRoleAccessor serverRoleAccessor,
IProfilingLogger profilingLogger,
ILogger<CleanUpYourRoom> logger,
ICoreScopeProvider scopeProvider)
: base(logger, HowOftenWeRepeat, DelayBeforeWeStart)
_runtimeState = runtimeState;
_contentService = contentService;
_serverRoleAccessor = serverRoleAccessor;
_profilingLogger = profilingLogger;
_logger = logger;
_scopeProvider = scopeProvider;
public override Task PerformExecuteAsync(object? state)
// Don't do anything if the site is not running.
if (_runtimeState.Level is not RuntimeLevel.Run)
return Task.CompletedTask;
// Wrap the three content service calls in a scope to do it all in one transaction.
using ICoreScope scope = _scopeProvider.CreateCoreScope();
int numberOfThingsInBin = _contentService.CountChildren(Constants.System.RecycleBinContent);
_logger.LogInformation("Go clean your room - {ServerRole}", _serverRoleAccessor.CurrentServerRole);
_logger.LogInformation("You have {NumberOfThingsInTheBin} items to clean", numberOfThingsInBin);
if (_contentService.RecycleBinSmells())
// Take out the trash
using (_profilingLogger.TraceDuration<CleanUpYourRoom>("Mum, I am emptying out the bin",
"It's all clean now"))
_contentService.EmptyRecycleBin(userId: -1);
// Remember to complete the scope when done.
return Task.CompletedTask;

Registering with extension method

First we need to create our extension method where we register the hosted service with AddHostedService:
namespace Umbraco.Docs.Samples.Web.RecurringHostedService;
public static class UmbracoBuilderHostedServiceExtensions
public static IUmbracoBuilder AddCustomHostedServices(this IUmbracoBuilder builder)
return builder;
Now we can invoke it in the ConfigureServices method in Startup.cs:
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
#pragma warning disable IDE0022 // Use expression body for methods
services.AddUmbraco(_env, _config)
.AddCustomHostedServices() // Register CleanUpYourRoom
#pragma warning restore IDE0022 // Use expression body for methods

Registering with a composer

All we need to do here is to create the composer where we register the hosted service with AddHostedService, which will be run automatically:
using Umbraco.Cms.Core.Composing;
namespace Umbraco.Docs.Samples.Web.RecurringHostedService;
public class CleanUpYourRoomComposer : IComposer
public void Compose(IUmbracoBuilder builder)


This class provides the base class for any hosted service.
You can override the PerformExecuteAsync method to implement the class. Hosted services are always run asynchronously.
The RecurringHostedServiceBase is a base class that implements the netcore interface IHostedService and makes the task recurring, if you don't need your task to run recurringly you can implement IHostedService yourself, and register your hosted service in the same way. For more information about hosted services, take a look at the Microsoft documentation.

BackgroundTaskRunner Notifications

In earlier versions of Umbraco, there were a series of events triggered by background tasks, with the switch to notifications this no longer exists, however, fear not, because you can publish any custom notification you desire from within your background task. For more information about creating and publishing your own custom notifications see: Creating and Publishing Custom Notifications

Using ServerRoleAccessor

In the example above you could add the following switch case at the beginning to help determine the server role & thus if you don't want to run code on that type of server you can exit out early.
// Do not run the code on subscribers or unknown role servers
// ONLY run for SchedulingPublisher server or Single server roles
switch (_serverRoleAccessor.CurrentServerRole)
case ServerRole.Subscriber:
_logger.LogDebug("Does not run on subscriber servers.");
return Task.CompletedTask; // We return Task.CompletedTask to try again as the server role may change!
case ServerRole.Unknown:
_logger.LogDebug("Does not run on servers with unknown role.");
return Task.CompletedTask; // We return Task.CompletedTask to try again as the server role may change!